Foreword

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This commentary has been produced by HSBC Global Asset Management to provide a high level overview of the recent economic and financial market environment, and is for information purposes only. The views expressed were held at the time of preparation; are subject to change without notice and may not reflect the views expressed in other HSBC Group communications or strategies. This marketing communication does not constitute investment advice or a recommendation to any reader of this content to buy or sell investments nor should it be regarded as investment research. The content has not been prepared in accordance with legal requirements designed to promote the independence of investment research and is not subject to any prohibition on dealing ahead of its dissemination. You should be aware that the value of any investment can go down as well as up and investors may not get back the amount originally invested. Furthermore, any investments in emerging markets are by their nature higher risk and potentially more volatile than those inherent in established markets. Any performance information shown refers to the past and should not be seen as an indication of future returns. You should always consider seeking professional advice when thinking about undertaking any form of investment.

Key takeaways

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  • We remain neutral global equities and corporate bonds, and underweight developed market (DM) government bonds. We also continue to be overweight local currency emerging market (EM) government bonds and EM equities
  • Global equities rose in July, supported by perceptions of a more dovish US Federal Reserve (Fed), an upbeat Q2 earnings season, and robust global economic data
  • As expected, the Fed left policy unchanged at its July meeting, reiterating its expectation that inflation will stabilise around their 2 per cent target over the medium term
  • In the eurozone, recent data remains very strong. There are compelling arguments for the European Central Bank (ECB) to taper its bond-buying programme next year
  • Recent UK economic data has shown signs of weakness as higher inflation bites into disposable incomes. The Bank of England are likely to keep policy on hold in August
  • In China, while we expect a modest growth slowdown in H2 amid financial deleveraging, the official growth target of around 6.5 per cent for 2017 should be met

The market has abandoned the “reflation” thesis

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Despite continued positive global growth momentum, inflation trends in most major developed economies remain weak. Amid US policy paralysis, investors’ confidence in the “reflation trade” has collapsed, reflected in a much weaker US dollar this year. Nevertheless, the Fed is likely to continue along its tightening path, aided by historically very loose US financial conditions and a conviction that inflation will eventually pick up. The ECB should also be in gradual tightening mode next year as it tapers its bond-buying programme. In this environment, and with some cyclical inflation pressures likely to eventually develop, we retain our underweight positioning in DM government bonds.

Meanwhile, the upbeat macro environment continues to favour risky asset classes. For global equities, valuations remain consistent with a neutral positioning, with a preference for Japan, Europe and EM Asia. Elsewhere, credits should be a natural beneficiary of a good growth/low volatility environment. But the credit “margin of safety” is thin, and we retain a neutral stance for the time being. Finally, we remain overweight in EM local currency debt and equities, although aggregate EM valuations no longer look anomalously cheap. For EM local debt, we think Latin America looks especially attractive.

Equities

Asset Class View View Movement
Global Neutral
US Neutral
UK Neutral
Eurozone Overweight
Japan Overweight
Emerging Markets (EM) Overweight
Asia ex Japan Overweight
CEE & Latam Neutral


Government bonds

Asset Class View View Movement
Developed Market (DM) Underweight
US Underweight
UK Underweight
Eurozone Underweight
Japan Underweight
EM (local currency) Overweight


Corporate bonds & other

Asset Class View View Movement
Global investment grade (IG) Neutral
USD IG Neutral
EUR and GBP IG Neutral
Global high-yield Neutral
Gold Neutral
Other commodities Neutral
Real estate Neutral

Basis of Views and Definitions of ‘Long term Asset class positioning’ tables

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Views are based on regional HSBC Global Asset Management Asset Allocation meetings held throughout July 2017, HSBC Global Asset Management’s long-term expected return forecasts which were generated as at 30 June 2017, our portfolio optimisation process and actual portfolio positions.

Icons:

 View on this asset class has been upgraded

 No change

 View on this asset class has been downgraded

Underweight, overweight and neutral classifications are the high-level asset allocations tilts applied in diversified, typically multi-asset portfolios, which reflect a combination of our long-term valuation signals, our shorter-term cyclical views and actual positioning in portfolios. The views are expressed with reference to global portfolios. However, individual portfolio positions may vary according to mandate, benchmark, risk profile and the availability and riskiness of individual asset classes in different regions.

“Overweight” implies that, within the context of a well-diversified typically multi-asset portfolio, and relative to relevant internal or external benchmarks, HSBC Global Asset Management has (or would have) a positive tilt towards the asset class.

“Underweight” implies that, within the context of a well-diversified typically multi-asset portfolio, and relative to relevant internal or external benchmarks, HSBC Global Asset Management has (or would) have a negative tilt towards the asset class.

“Neutral” implies that, within the context of a well-diversified typically multi-asset portfolio, and relative to relevant internal or external benchmarks HSBC Global Asset Management has (or would have) neither a particularly negative or positive tilt towards the asset class

For global investment-grade corporate bonds, the underweight, overweight and neutral categories for the asset class at the aggregate level are also based on high-level asset allocation considerations applied in diversified, typically multi-asset portfolios. However, USD investment-grade corporate bonds and EUR and GBP investment-grade corporate bonds are determined relative to the global investment-grade corporate bond universe.

Long term asset class positioning (>12 months)

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Asset class View Movement Rationale
Equities
Global Neutral Positive factors: Global economic growth momentum remains solid, driving global equity markets to deliver positive returns over the long term. Overall, support from still loose accommodative monetary policy and an increased willingness for looser fiscal policy will, in the medium and longer term, likely outweigh any headwinds from more modest Chinese growth, tighter US and eurozone monetary policy, and political uncertainty in many regions.

Risks to consider: Fairly narrow implied equity premia (excess return over bonds) limit the ability of the market to absorb bad news. Episodic volatility may be triggered by concerns surrounding Chinese growth, US economic policy, and/or a potentially more rapid than expected Fed or ECB tightening cycle, coupled with political risks. A notable and persistent deterioration of the global economic outlook could also dampen our view.
US Neutral Positive factors: US profits data has shown improvement amid a broadly robust economic backdrop. Despite signs of legislative deadlock in Washington, fiscal stimulus under the Trump administration presents an upside risk to earnings. Overall, our measure of the implied risk premium (excess returns over government bonds) remains consistent with a neutral positioning.

Risks to consider: Relatively high current valuations lead to an implied risk premium that is lower than in many other developed markets. The policy outlook under the Trump administration remains highly uncertain. We have also seen slight softness in US whole economy profits.
UK Neutral Positive factors: Positive global economic momentum (and potentially further sterling weakness) supports the UK earnings outlook given a large dependency on foreign earnings. Gains in commodity prices would also be a positive. Overall, current valuations are consistent with a neutral positioning.

Risks to consider: The prospective reward to bearing equity risk in the UK is relatively low compared to other markets. The UK economy is showing signs of weakness amid sterling-induced inflationary pressures and Brexit related uncertainty.
Eurozone Overweight Rationale of overweight views: We favour eurozone equities due to their higher implied risk premia and scope for better earnings news given the region’s earlier point in the activity cycle. Furthermore, the monetary backdrop remains supportive, with ultra-low interest rates likely to persist until the end of the decade.

Risks to consider: Valuations have become less attractive following the recent rally. According to recent polls, the upcoming Italian elections should see the Eurosceptic 5-star movement perform well. Also, the outcome of Brexit negotiations is highly uncertain. Brexit-related trade disruptions and/or slower UK GDP growth will likely hit eurozone exports. ECB monetary policy may also be less accommodative than expected.
Japan Overweight Rationale of overweight views: Relative valuations and risk premia are attractive, in our view, whilst the Bank of Japan’s (BoJ) very loose monetary policy and the government’s recent fiscal stimulus may boost earnings. Large corporate cash reserves provide firms with the scope to boost dividends or engage in stock repurchases. Earnings momentum remains positive.

Risks to consider: Domestic economic fundamentals are relatively sluggish, with an absence of momentum in wage growth, despite tight labour market conditions.
Emerging Markets

(EM)
Overweight Rationale of overweight views: We believe EM equities remain attractive for western-based investors (USD, GBP or EUR based) given our expectation of longer-term currency appreciation. However, we continue to be selective, focusing on countries with strong underlying macro fundamentals, and positive price momentum.

Risks to consider: Aggregate EM equity valuations no longer look anomalously cheap. There could be some near-term volatility as worries persist around the uncertain path for future Fed tightening, the potential for increased trade protectionism, economic transition in China, and the robustness of the global economy as a whole. Geopolitical uncertainty also poses risks.
Asia ex Japan Overweight Rationale of overweight views: Improving earnings and profitability and more efficient use of cash levels on balance sheets support rising return on equity, amid an export recovery, better domestic growth, and supportive global and regional monetary policy. Structural reforms and shareholder-return policies are potential catalysts in some markets. Valuations are reasonable.

Risks to consider: A sharp rise in Treasury yields is a key risk. Fed balance-sheet reduction and ECB tapering could raise uncertainty. US protectionist policies remain a major risk. Other risks include geopolitical events; commodity-price volatility; a fragile or faltering global growth recovery; and renewed concerns about China’s growth and financial risks.
CEE & Latam Neutral Positive factors: Brazil exited recession in Q1 and is embarking on an ambitious reform agenda, whilst Mexico’s economy is resilient. Countries, such as Poland, have low levels of US dollar-denominated debt, and along with Russia, Hungary and the Czech Republic offer attractive risk premia.

Risks to consider: Geopolitical tensions are also high and unpredictable. High local cash rates and sovereign yields in many countries diminish the case for bearing equity risk.
Government bonds
Developed

Markets (DM)
Underweight Rationale of underweight views: Prospective returns still look low relative to competing asset classes. In a bond-unfriendly environment (strong global activity, the prospect of fiscal easing), global bond yields could move higher still.

Positive factors: Government bonds still provide diversification benefits and reduce volatility within multi-asset portfolios. Meanwhile, “secular stagnation” forces are powerful (ageing populations, low productivity and investment), and the global pool of safety assets is limited. Therefore, the “normalisation” of bond yields could take several years.
US Underweight Rationale of underweight views: The US labour market is at (or close to) full employment so underlying inflationary pressures are likely to build, especially if fiscal stimulus materialises. In addition, prospective returns still look low relative to competing asset classes.

Positive factors: Today’s environment of “price stability” means that the term premia (compensation for bearing duration risk) may be capped at a lower level relative to history.
UK Underweight Rationale of underweight views: Prospective UK gilt returns remain very low. Although the UK economy could slow, any support in this respect may be offset by inflationary pressures.

Positive factors: Amid downside risks to growth, UK monetary policy is likely to stay accommodative for a longer period.
Eurozone Underweight Rationale of underweight views: Similarly, core European bonds are overvalued, in our view. A key risk is the likelihood of further tapering of the ECB APP after December 2017.

Positive factors: Core inflationary pressures in the region remain subdued, which should keep accommodative monetary policy in place for an extended period of time.
Japan Underweight Rationale of underweight views: Japanese government bonds (JGBs) are overvalued, in our view, whilst the BoJ’s commitment to peg 10-year yields close to zero could be re-evaluated. The BoJ has also recently reduced the amount of its JGB purchases.

Positive factors: The “Yield Curve Control” framework should limit volatility and reduce the risk of higher yields in the near-term. Meanwhile, BoJ Governor Kuroda has indicated that cutting policy rates could play a central role in future policy decisions.
Emerging markets (EM) Overweight Rationale of overweight views: The yield available on EM sovereign bonds makes them attractive relative to DM government debt, in our view. Furthermore, our estimate of the sustainable return on EM currencies reinforces our choice to hold this position unhedged.

Risks to consider: Spreads in the EM debt universe are at risk of widening as US policy tightens.
Corporate bonds
Global investment grade (IG) Neutral Positive factors: The prevailing macro environment remains supportive for credits. Implied recession probabilities are near zero – the default outlook appears benign.

Risks to consider: Valuations do not appear anomalously cheap, with low implied credit premia meaning that the margin of safety is now very thin against any negative shocks (such as tighter than expected US monetary policy). We are neutral with a negative bias.
USD investment grade Neutral Positive factors: US investment-grade debt looks more attractive than European credit. Carefully selected US credit may outperform.

Risks to consider: Lower relative valuations for USD-denominated credit is offset in the nearer term by the risk of a more aggressive pace of Fed tightening. The US credit cycle is more mature than that in Europe which remains nascent.
EUR and GBP investment grade Neutral Positive factors: The ECB’s corporate bond-buying programme remains supportive. Meanwhile, in the eurozone, the latest survey data suggests a gradual improvement in credit conditions, and default rates remain low. Valuations are still around neutral levels.

Risks to consider: European credits could be hit as the ECB tapers its APP. UK credits are vulnerable amid downside risks to the UK economic outlook.
Global

high-yield
Neutral

Positive factors: Corporate fundamentals are improving following a pick-up in the global activity cycle. Defaults remain comparatively low and are likely to be contained to commodity-related sectors.

Risks to consider: Further credit spread compression leaves a thin margin of safety. We are neutral with a negative bias.
Other
Gold Neutral Positive factors: Gold futures can offer reasonable diversification benefits to multi-asset investors and have some inflation-hedging characteristics

Risks to consider: Based on our expected returns framework, prospective returns on gold futures look poor today given current market pricing. This is because there is a large negative expected roll yield (the cost of renewing futures contracts) and a negative expected spot price return.
Other commodities Neutral Positive factors: Commodity futures can offer reasonable diversification benefits to multi-asset investors and have some inflation-hedging characteristics

Risks to consider: Based on our expected returns framework, prospective returns on commodity futures look poor today given current market pricing. This is primarily because there is a large negative expected roll yield (the cost of renewing futures contracts).
Real estate Neutral Positive factors: Based on our dividend growth assumptions and current yields, which offer a premium of around 1.4 per cent points above the dividend yield from wider equities, we believe real estate equities are priced to deliver reasonably attractive long-run returns compared to developed-marked government bonds. In the long run, rents are positively related to wider economic growth and offer a partial inflation hedge.

Risks to consider: The US has underperformed other listed property markets in recent months. Concerns over the health of some retailers have dragged down retail-oriented Real Estate Investment Trusts. In this environment, we believe higher quality malls and shopping centres are likely to outperform stocks with weaker portfolios. The UK's decision to leave the EU has reduced rental growth prospects, especially in central London, and increased uncertainty around future occupier demand.

Source: HSBC Global Asset Management. All numbers rounded to one decimal place

Past performance is not an indication of future returns.

US dollar declines as “reflation trade” falters

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Markets: global equities edged higher in July; German bunds fell; oil prices rallied on OPEC production cut hopes

  • Global equities rose in July, supported by investor perceptions of a more dovish US Federal Reserve (Fed), an upbeat Q2 earnings season, and continuing robust global economic data. The MSCI AC World index closed 1.7 per cent higher over the month.
  • Market expectations of a more cautious Fed tightening cycle saw emerging market stocks outperform, with the MSCI EM gaining 4.4 per cent. European stocks underperformed, however, on the back of further strength in the euro and large falls in healthcare stocks.
  • In the government bond space, shorter-dated US Treasuries gained (yields fell) on a dovish Fed and continuing weak inflation prints. In Europe, 10-year German bunds declined amid expectations of the ECB tapering its bond buying programme next year.
  • Finally, oil prices rallied over the month as data showed a fall in US crude inventories, whilst OPEC members signalled that deeper production cuts are possible (all data above as of close of 31 July in local currency, price return, month-to-date terms).

US: data continues to be upbeat, with Fed likely to remain in “auto-pilot” mode with rate hikes

  • Data releases in the US were upbeat in July. The advance release of Q2 GDP jumped to 2.6 per cent qoq annualised (+1.2 per cent previously). Sentiment indicators (e.g. ISM surveys and the Conference Board Consumer Confidence index) also remain high.
  • The labour market continues to tighten, with nonfarm payrolls rising by 222k in June, but wage growth remains lacklustre. Price pressures also remain tepid, with June core CPI inflation remaining at a 2-year low of 1.7 per cent yoy.
  • As expected, the Fed left policy unchanged at its July meeting, reiterating their expectation that inflation will “stabilise around the committee’s 2 per cent objective over the medium term”. One more rate hike by year-end remains our base case.
  • The US dollar has weakened amid reduced market expectations of US fiscal stimulus and soft inflation prints. Along with higher equity prices and low credit spreads, overall financial conditions are very loose, which should allow the Fed to continue tightening.

Europe: downside of euro strength offset by other positive factors; UK economy looking increasingly fragile

  • In the eurozone, recent data remains very strong, with Q2 GDP growth accelerating to 0.6 per cent quarter-on-quarter. Crucially, continuing employment growth should offset the squeeze in real incomes from higher inflation versus 2014-16.
  • Positively, hard data from the industrial sector is also beginning to pick up, with the PMI manufacturing survey suggesting we could see a further acceleration later this year, although the recent strength of the euro presents a downside risk to exporters.
  • Nevertheless, euro strength is likely to be offset by continuing solid global demand conditions, whilst many European companies produce outside of the region and/or are hedged against currency risk. Business investment trends are also improving.
  • In terms of monetary policy, the recent strength of economic data combined with scarcity issues in the government bond market and diminished deflation risks remain compelling arguments for the ECB to taper its bond-buying programme next year.
  • Recent UK economic data has shown signs of weakness as higher inflation bites into disposable incomes. Retail sales growth has been on a downward trend since the beginning of 2017. The Bank of England are likely to keep policy on hold in August.

Asia: China on track to meet official growth target for 2017; Bank of Japan cuts inflation forecasts

  • China’s Q2 GDP delivered a positive surprise, maintaining 6.9 per cent yoy growth. While we expect a modest growth slowdown in H2 amid financial deleveraging and property cooling measures, the official growth target of 'around 6.5 per cent' for 2017 should be met.
  • India’s June inflation falling below the lower bound of the central bank’s target range (2 per cent) opens up room for policy easing. Also, disruption to economic activity amid the rollout of the Goods and Services Tax has not been broad-based and is likely transitory.
  • The Bank of Japan (BoJ) kept policy unchanged at its July meeting, although revised upward its projection for GDP growth this fiscal year (+0.3ppts to 1.7 per cent yoy), whilst the forecast for CPI excluding fresh food was downgraded from 1.4 per cent to 1.1 per cent.

Other EM: declining inflation motivates monetary policy easing in Brazil and South Africa; but political risks remain high

  • As expected, Brazil’s central bank cut the Selic rate by 1 percentage point to 9.25 per cent amid easing inflationary pressures, with forward guidance also becoming more dovish. However, heightened political uncertainty is likely to weigh on the economy.
  • The Reserve Bank of South Africa unexpectedly cut interest rates to 6.75 per cent, motivated by easing inflation and a recessionary economic environment. Economic confidence is weak amid political uncertainties and after recent credit rating downgrades.
  • Elsewhere, the Central Bank of Turkey kept its main policy rates unchanged at its July meeting, arguing the inflation outlook has yet to improve. Positively, growth has remained resilient, supported by government spending and stimulus measures.
  • Similarly, the Central Bank of Russia maintained its key rate in July, at 9.00 per cent. Although headline CPI ticked higher in June to 4.4 per cent yoy (target at 4 per cent), the nascent economic recovery amid low core inflation leaves room for further rate cuts later this year.

Source: HSBC Global Asset Management. All numbers rounded to one decimal place

Past performance is not an indication of future returns.

Global Strategic Asset Allocations

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Global Strategic Asset Allocations (as at 30 June 2017)

Global equities were little changed in June, supported by data showing robust economic activity which helped offset concerns over a tightening of global monetary policy. Relative valuations, as well as the macro and policy environment, supports a neutral allocation to equities, in our view, and we maintain our relative preference for European and Japanese equities which offer a better carry opportunity.

In the credit space, spreads have compressed substantially over the past 12 months and the market-implied odds for taking credit risk are not particularly attractive. However, a mix of good growth and low inflation should sustain low default and downgrade rates.

Finally, 10-year US Treasuries and core European bonds fell (yields rose) mainly on concerns about the trajectory of global monetary policy. We continue to measure negative term premia across global developed market (DM) bonds, and we maintain our underweight positioning here.

Within the allocations of our global multi-asset model portfolios, the underweight in DM government bonds is only significantly visible within the model portfolio for Risk Profile 2, where the lower volatility target prevents too high an allocation to global equities.

Risk Profile 2 – Global Multi-Asset Model Portfolio

Asset Class Current Model Portfolio Reference SAA Portfolio Tilt (June 2017) Portfolio Tilt Change
Global Equities 24.0% 23.0% 1.0% 0.0%
Global Government Bonds 13.5% 18.0% -4.5% 0.0%
DM Government Bonds 5.5% 11.0% -5.5% 0.0%
EM Government Bonds 8.0% 7.0% 1.0% 0.0%
Global Corporate Bonds 53.0% 54.0% -1.0% 0.0%
Global Investment Grade 42.0% 43.0% -1.0% 0.0%
Global High Yield 6.0% 6.0% 0.0% 0.0%
EM Debt (Hard Currency) 5.0% 5.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Global Real Estate 4.0% 4.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Cash 5.5% 1.0% 4.5% 0.0%
Total 100.0% 100.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Target Volatility 5 - 8%


Risk Profile 3 – Global Multi-Asset Model Portfolio

Asset Class Current Model Portfolio Reference SAA Portfolio Tilt (June 2017) Portfolio Tilt Change
Global Equities 50.5% 49.5% 1.0% 0.0%
Global Government Bonds 10.5% 12.5% -2.0% 0.0%
DM Government Bonds 2.0% 5.0% -3.0% 0.0%
EM Government Bonds 8.5% 7.5% 1.0% 0.0%
Global Corporate Bonds 30.0% 32.0% -2.0% 0.0%
Global Investment Grade 19.0% 21.0% -2.0% 0.0%
Global High Yield 6.0% 6.0% 0.0% 0.0%
EM Debt (Hard Currency) 5.0% 5.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Global Real Estate 5.0% 5.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Cash 4.0% 1.0% 3.0% 0.0%
Total 100.0% 100.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Target Volatility 8 - 11%

Source: HSBC Global Asset Management. All numbers rounded to one decimal place

Past performance is not an indication of future returns.


Risk Profile 4 – Global Multi-Asset Model Portfolio

Asset Class Current Model Portfolio Reference SAA Portfolio Tilt (June 2017) Portfolio Tilt Change
Global Equities 74.0% 73.0% 1.0% 0.0%
Global Government Bonds 8.5% 7.5% 1.0% 0.0%
DM Government Bonds 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
EM Government Bonds 8.5% 7.5% 1.0% 0.0%
Global Corporate Bonds 10.5% 13.5% -3.0% 0.0%
Global Investment Grade 0.5% 3.5% -3.0% 0.0%
Global High Yield 5.0% 5.0% 0.0% 0.0%
EM Debt (Hard Currency) 5.0% 5.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Global Real Estate 5.0% 5.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Cash 2.0% 1.0% 1.0% 0.0%
Total 100.0% 100.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Target Volatility 11 - 14%

The above ‘Current Portfolio’ is based on regional HSBC Global Asset Management Asset Allocation meetings held throughout July 2017. The ‘SAA Portfolio’ is the result of HSBC Global Asset Management’s portfolio optimisation process. These model portfolios are expressed in USD.

Key Terms

  • Strategic Asset Allocation Portfolio: Within AMG’s multi-asset investment process, the ‘SAA’ refers to the ‘Strategic Asset Allocations’, which are generated through optimising long-term estimates of both expected return and covariance. These form the portfolios’ reference allocation for each risk level.
  • Current Portfolio: The ‘Current Portfolio’ represents the portfolio’s current target exposure. This reflects any active positions currently held in the portfolio (i.e. ‘over/under weight’ positions relative to the SAA).
  • Portfolio Tilt: The difference between the ‘Current Portfolio’ and ‘SAA Portfolio’ allocations. Positive values reflect overweight exposure i.e. where a positive outlook on a particular asset class is currently held. Conversely, negative values reflect underweight positions i.e. where the team currently maintain a more cautious outlook.
  • Portfolio Tilt Change: The change in Portfolio Tilts from the previous Multi-Asset Strategy meeting.

Risk Profiles

Each of the three portfolios outlined above match different customer risk profiles, as defined by their target long-term volatility bands:

  • Risk Profile 2 has a long-term target volatility of 5-8 per cent. This portfolio typically has a substantial allocation to fixed income investments and some allocations to growth-oriented investments such as equities.
  • Risk Profile 3 has a long-term target volatility of 8-11 per cent. This portfolio typically has allocations to both fixed income investments and growth-oriented investments such as equities.
  • Risk Profile 4 has a long-term target volatility of 11-14 per cent. This portfolio typically has a high allocation to growth-oriented investments with higher risk levels.

Note:
The ‘Strategic Asset Allocations’ detailed above may sometimes appear to differ from the ‘Long-term Asset Class positioning’ table on pages 2 and 3 primarily due to portfolio constraints which include achieving portfolio volatility within the target long-term volatility bands and minimum and maximum asset class weights.

The above ‘Current Portfolio’ allocations are based on HSBC Global Asset Management’s current outlook and portfolio positioning. These positions are revisited on a monthly basis. The allocations are for illustrative purposes and are designed to be broadly representative of our current multi-asset positioning. Actual portfolio positioning may differ by product or client mandate due to manager discretion, local requirements, portfolio constraints and other additional factors.

The ‘Current Portfolio’ allocations do not consider the investment objectives, risk tolerance or financial circumstances of any particular client. They should not be relied upon as investment advice, research, or a recommendation by HSBC Global Asset Management. Asset allocation and diversification may not protect against market risk, loss of principal or volatility of returns.

The reference index for ‘Equities’ is the MSCI All Country World Index (ACWI), which includes both developed and emerging market equities. The reference index for ‘Real Estate’ is the FTSE EPRA/NAREIT Developed Index, which is designed to track the performance of listed real estate companies and Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs).

Source: HSBC Global Asset Management. All numbers rounded to one decimal place

Past performance is not an indication of future returns.

Market Data

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  Close MTD Change (%) 3M Change (%) 1-year Change (%) YTD Change (%) 52-week High 52-week Low Fwd P/E (X)
Equity Indices
World
MSCI AC World Index (USD) 478 2.7 4.9 14.8 13.2 480 103 16.9
North America
US Dow Jones Industrial Average 21,891 2.5 4.5 18.8 10.8 21,930 17,884 18.0
US S&P 500 Index 2,470 1.9 3.6 13.7 10.3 2,484 2,084 18.9
US NASDAQ Composite Index 6,348 3.4 5.0 23.0 17.9 6,461 5,034 24.0
Canada S&P/TSX Composite Index 15,144 -0.3 -2.8 3.8 -0.9 15,943 14,319 17.0
Europe
MSCI AC Europe (USD) 464 3.0 5.6 16.6 16.0 468 374 15.3
Euro STOXX 50 Index 3,449 0.2 -3.1 15.3 4.8 3,667 2,893 14.8
UK FTSE 100 Index 7,372 0.8 2.3 9.6 3.2 7,599 6,616 15.4
Germany DAX Index* 12,118 -1.7 -2.6 17.2 5.5 12,952 10,093 13.4
France CAC-40 Index 5,094 -0.5 -3.3 14.7 4.8 5,442 4,293 15.2
Spain IBEX 35 Index 10,502 0.6 -2.0 22.3 12.3 11,184 8,229 14.8
Asia Pacific
MSCI AC Asia Pacific ex Japan (USD) 529 4.8 8.8 21.2 24.0 533 419 14.5
Japan Nikkei-225 Stock Average 19,925 -0.5 3.8 20.3 4.2 20,318 15,921 17.1
Australian Stock Exchange 200 5,721 0.0 -3.4 2.8 1.0 5,957 5,052 16.1
Hong Kong Hang Seng Index 27,324 6.1 11.0 24.8 24.2 27,558 21,489 13.2
Shanghai Stock Exchange Composite Index 3,273 2.5 3.8 9.9 5.5 3,301 2,932 14.5
Hang Seng China Enterprises Index 10,828 4.5 5.9 20.9 15.3 11,043 8,971 8.7
Taiwan TAIEX Index 10,427 0.3 5.6 16.1 12.7 10,546 8,880 14.9
Korea KOSPI Index 2,403 0.5 8.9 19.2 18.6 2,453 1,931 10.3
India SENSEX 30 Index 32,515 5.2 8.7 15.9 22.1 32,673 25,718 20.3
Indonesia Jakarta Stock Price Index 5,841 0.2 2.7 12.0 10.3 5,910 5,023 16.7
Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Composite Index 1,760 -0.2 -0.5 6.5 7.2 1,797 1,614 16.3
Philippines Stock Exchange PSE Index 8,018 2.2 4.7 0.7 17.2 8,107 6,499 19.1
Singapore FTSE Straits Times Index 3,330 3.2 4.9 16.1 15.6 3,355 2,761 15.2
Thailand SET Index 1,576 0.1 0.6 3.4 2.1 1,601 1,343 15.6
Latam
Argentina Merval Index 21,582 -1.5 2.7 36.6 27.6 22,624 15,026 13.0
Brazil Bovespa Index* 65,920 4.8 0.8 15.0 9.5 69,488 55,696 12.6
Chile IPSA Index 5,065 6.7 5.6 23.0 22.0 5,082 4,007 18.8
Colombia COLCAP Index 1,481 1.3 8.0 13.2 9.6 1,492 1,271 14.7
Mexico Index 51,012 2.3 3.6 9.3 11.8 51,772 43,999 18.7
EEMEA
Russia MICEX Index 1,920 2.1 -4.8 -1.3 -14.0 2,294 1,775 6.0
South Africa JSE Index 55,207 7.0 2.6 4.6 9.0 55,391 48,936 15.7
Turkey ISE 100 Index* 107,531 7.1 13.6 42.6 37.6 108,606 71,793 9.6

*Indices expressed as total returns. All others are price returns.

Equity Indices - Total Return 3-month Change (%) YTD Change (%) 1-year Change (%) 3-year Change (%) 5-year Change (%)
Global equities 5.5 14.6 17.1 19.8 67.4
US equities 3.9 11.4 15.3 33.1 92.8
Europe equities 6.7 18.4 19.8 5.5 51.8
Asia Pacific ex Japan equities 10.0 26.0 24.5 13.1 45.0
Japan equities 6.2 12.1 14.2 19.2 65.0
Latam equities 6.4 19.2 18.0 -12.7 -11.8
Emerging Markets equities 10.2 25.5 24.8 7.3 26.2

All total returns quoted in USD terms.
Data sourced from MSCI AC World Total Return Index, MSCI USA Total Return Index, MSCI AC Europe Total Return Index, MSCI AC Asia Pacific ex Japan Total Return Index, MSCI Japan Total Return Index, MSCI Latam Total Return Index and MSCI Emerging Markets Total Return Index.

Bond indices - Total Return Close MTD Change (%) 3-month Change (%) 1-year Change (%) YTD Change (%)
BarCap GlobalAgg (Hedged in USD) 508 0.3 0.6 -0.7 1.8
JPM EMBI Global 790 0.7 1.2 4.6 6.9
BarCap US Corporate Index (USD) 2,851 0.7 2.2 1.5 4.6
BarCap Euro Corporate Index (Eur) 244 0.8 0.6 0.4 1.4
BarCap Global High Yield (USD) 460 1.0 1.8 10.2 6.3
Markit iBoxx Asia ex-Japan  Bond Index (USD) 194 0.6 1.2 1.7 4.0
Markit iBoxx Asia ex-Japan High-Yield Bond Index (USD) 245 0.9 0.0 5.6 4.4

Total return includes income from dividends and interest as well as appreciation or depreciation in the price of an asset over the given period

Bonds Close End of Last mth. 3-months Ago 1-year Ago Year End 2016
US Treasury yields (%)
3-Month 1.07 1.01 0.79 0.25 0.50
2-Year 1.35 1.38 1.26 0.66 1.19
5-Year 1.84 1.89 1.81 1.02 1.93
10-Year 2.29 2.30 2.28 1.45 2.44
30-Year 2.90 2.83 2.95 2.18 3.07
Developed market 10-year bond yields (%)
Japan 0.08 0.08 0.01 -0.20 0.04
UK 1.23 1.26 1.08 0.68 1.24
Germany 0.54 0.47 0.32 -0.12 0.20
France 0.80 0.81 0.83 0.10 0.68
Italy 2.09 2.15 2.28 1.17 1.81
Spain 1.48 1.52 1.64 1.02 1.38
Currencies (vs USD) Latest End of last mth. 3-mths- Ago 1-year Ago Year End 2016 52-week High 52-week Low
Developed markets
EUR/USD 1.18 1.14 1.09 1.12 1.05 1.18 1.03
GBP/USD 1.32 1.30 1.30 1.32 1.23 1.34 1.18
CHF/USD 1.03 1.04 1.01 1.03 0.98 1.06 0.97
CAD 1.25 1.30 1.37 1.30 1.34 1.38 1.24
JPY 110.3 112.4 111.5 102.1 117.0 118.7 99.5
AUD 1.25 1.30 1.34 1.32 1.39 1.40 1.24
NZD 1.33 1.36 1.46 1.39 1.44 1.47 1.32
Asia
HKD 7.81 7.81 7.78 7.76 7.76 7.81 7.75
CNY 6.73 6.78 6.89 6.64 6.95 6.96 6.62
INR 64.19 64.58 64.25 67.00 67.92 68.86 63.93
MYR 4.28 4.29 4.34 4.07 4.49 4.50 3.98
KRW 1,119 1,144 1,138 1,120 1,206 1,212 1,090
TWD 30.21 30.43 30.21 31.95 32.33 32.45 29.93
Latam
BRL 3.13 3.31 3.18 3.25 3.26 3.51 3.04
COP 2,986 3,046 2,943 3,071 3,002 3,208 2,822
MXN 17.80 18.12 18.82 18.75 20.73 22.04 17.45
EEMEA
RUB 59.78 58.87 56.93 65.94 61.54 67.45 55.70
ZAR 13.19 13.07 13.37 13.88 13.74 14.75 12.31
TRY 3.52 3.52 3.55 2.99 3.52 3.94 2.91
Commodities Latest MTD Change (%) 3-month Change (%) 1-year Change (%) YTD Change (% ) 52-week High 52-week Low
Gold 1,269 2.2 0.1 -6.0 10.2 1,368 1,121
Brent Oil 52.7 9.9 1.8 24.0 -7.3 58 42
WTI Crude Oil 50.2 9.0 1.7 20.6 -6.6 55 39
R/J CRB Futures Index 183 4.5 0.5 0.9 -5.1 196 166
LME Copper 6,369 7.3 11.0 29.3 15.1 6,430 4,582


Sources: Bloomberg, HSBC Global Asset Management. Data as at close of business 31 July 2017.

Past performance is not an indication of future returns.

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